Cappadocia is a historic area located in Central Anatolia, Nevsehir Province, Turkey. This region is famous for its landscaping that looks like the surface of the moon, underground cities, as well as residential settlements that were built with carving hills. Shaped like a unique cone, so often called fairy chimneys or fairy chimneys.
Ancient Underground City
The unique valleys, hills and rock formations of Cappadocia resemble the fairy chimneys of the fairies due to erosion caused by thousands of years of rain and wind. This area is also located between the volcanoes Erciyes, Melendiz, and Hasan. This location makes ancient cities in Cappadocia as if hidden under the ground.
Sacred Territory of the Gods
Areas with unique topographic conditions are touted as sacred areas. In the language of Scythia or Khatti called Khepatukha which means ‘country for the people of the Supreme God Hepat’. There are also those who argue that the name Cappadocia comes from the ancient Persian language ‘katpatuka’ which means ‘island where the horses are beautiful’.
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Had Been a Hideout of Christians from Rome
Cappadocians have lived in houses made with carving directly into the hills since prehistoric times. As reported by Cappadocia Turkey, strange houses in Cappadocia and underground settlements are deliberately chosen by residents to protect themselves from wild animal attacks. In early Christian times, this area was made a hiding place by Christians who were then hunted by Roman troops.
One of the Parts Becomes a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Tourists visiting Cappadocia usually visit the Goreme Open-Air Museum, part of the Cappadocian region that is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The place has an ancient monastery that used to be home to about twenty monks and a church that resembles a cave from carved rock.
Every day there is a hot air balloon tour for tourists who want to enjoy views of Cappadocia from the air.
Often visited by tourists from all over the world
Tourists can also visit Cappadocia’s best underground cities such as Derinkuyu, Kaymakli, Gaziemir and Ozkanak. Meanwhile the big houses and the most beautiful historical caves for tourists are in Urgup, Goreme, Guzelyurt and Uchisar.